html entities

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&quot&#34"double quote mark
&amp&#38&ampersand
&lt&#60<less than symbol
&gt&#62> greater than symbol
&nbsp&#160 nonbreaking space

En and Em spaces and dashes:–—

  • en spaces are used when you need a larger space than a normal space provides.
  • em spaces are used to separate elements such as dates and headlines ,figure numbers and captions.
  • en dashes are used instead of hyphens in constructs such as phone numbers ,element number so on.
  • em dashes are used grammatically when you need to divided thoughts in a sentence
entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&ensp&8194En space
&emsp&8195Em space
&ndasp&8211en dash
&mdash&8212em dash

copyright,trademark,registered entities :–;

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&copy&#169©copyright symbol
&trade&#8482trademark symbol
&reg&#174®registered trademark symbol

currency symbol Entities

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&cent&#162¢the cent symbol
&pound&#163£english pound
&curren&#164¤general currency
&yen&#165¥japanese yen
&euro&#8364european euro

real quot:–––("and‘)

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&lsquo&#8216left/opening single quote
&rsquo&#8217right/closing single quote
&ldquo&#8220left/opening double quote
&rdquo&#8221right/closing double quote

arrow entities

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&larr&#8592left arrow
&uarr&#8593up arrow
&rarr&#8594right arrow
&darr&#8595down arrow
&harr&#8596left right arrow
&crarr&#8629down arrow with corner leftwards
&larr&#8656leftwards double arrow
&uarr&#8657upwards double arrow
&rarr&#8658rightwards double arrow
&darr&#8659downwards double arrow
&harr&#8660left right double arrow

some useful entities

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&iexcl&#161¡inverted exclamation mark
&brvbar&#166¦broken bar=broken vertical bar
&sect&#167§section sign
&uml&#168¨diaeresis=spacing diaeresis
&ordf&#170ªfeminine ordinal indicator
&laquo&#171«left-pointing double angle quotation mark
&not&#172¬not sign
&shy&#173­soft hyphen =discertionary hypen
&macr&#175¯macron=spacing macron =overline=apl overbar
&deg&#176°degree sign
&plusm&#177±plus-minus sing=plus or minus sing
&sup2&#178²superscrip two=superscript digit two=squared
&sup3&#179³superscript three
&acute&#180´acute accent
&micro&#181µmicro sign
&para&#182pilcrow sign=paragraph sign
&middot&#183·middle dot
&cedil&#184¸cedilla
&sup1&#185¹sup1
&deg&#186ºmasculine ordinal indicator
&raquo&#187»right pointing double angle quotation mark
&frace14&#188¼vulgar fraction one-quarter
&frace12&#189½vulgar fraction one-half =fraction one -half
&frace34&#190¾vulgar fraction three-quarters =fraction three-quarters
&iquest&#191¿inverted question mark = turned question mark
&oelig&#338Œlatin capital ligature oe
&scaron&#352Šlatin capital letter S with caron
&scaron&#353šlatin small letter s with caron
&yuml&#376Ÿlatin capital letter Y with diaeresis
&deg&#710ˆmodifier letter circumflex accent
&sbquo&#8218single low-9 quotation mark
&bdquo&#8222double low-9 quotation mark
&dajjer&#8224dagger
&Dajjer&#8225 double dagger
&permil&#8240 per mille sign
&lsaquo&#8249single left-pointing angle quotation mark
&rsaquo&#8250single right-pointing angle quotation mark

greek symbol entities

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&alpha&#913Αgreek capital letter alpha
&beta&#914Βgreek capital letter beta
&gamma&#915Γgreek capital letter gamma
&delta&#916Δgreek capital letter delta
&epsilon&#917Εgreek capital letter epsilon
&zeta&#918Ζgreek capital letter zeta
&eta&#919Ηgreek capital letter eta
&theta&#920Θgreek capital letter theta
&iota&#921Ιgreek capital letter iota
&kappa&#922Κgreek capital letter kappa
&lambda&#923Λgreek capital letter lambda
&mu&#924Μgreek capital letter mu
&nu&#925Νgreek capital letter nu
&xi&#926Ξgreek capital letter xi
&omicron&#927Οgreek capital letter omicron
&pi&#928Πgreek capital letter pi
&rho&#929Ρgreek capital letter rho
&sigma&#931Σgreek capital sigma
&tau&#932Τgreek capital letter tau
&upsilon&#933Υgreek capital letter upsilon
&phi&#934Φgreek capital letter phi
&chi&#935Χgreek capital letter chi
&psi&#936Ψgreek capital letter psi
&omega&#937Ωgreek capital letter omega
&alpha&#945αgreek small letter alpha
&beta&#946βgreek small letter beta
&gamma&#947γgreek small letter gamma
&delta&#948δgreek small letter delta
&epsilon&#949εgreek small letter epsilon
&zeta&#950ζgreek small letter zeta
&eta&#951ηgreek samll letter eta
&theta&952θgreek small letter theta
&iota&953ιgreek small letter iota
&kappa&954κgreek small letter kappa
&lambda&955λgreek small letter lambda
&mu&956μgreek small letter mu
&nu&957νgreek small letter nu
&xi&958ξgreek small letter xi
&omicron&959οgreek small letter ommicron
&pi&960πgreek small letter pi
&rho&961ρgreek small letter rho
&sigmaf&962ςgreek small letter final sigmaf
&sigma&963σgreek small letter sigma
&tau&964τgreek small letter tau
&upsilon&965υgreek small letter upsilon
&phi&966φgreek small letter phi
&chi&967χgreek small letter chi
&psi&968ψgreek small letter psi
&omega&969ωgreek small letter omega
&thetasym&977ϑgreek small letter theta symbol
&upsih&978ϒgreek upsilon with hook symbol
&piv&982ϖgreek pi symbol

mathematical symbol entities

entity nameentity valuecharacterdescription
&times&#215×multiplication sing
&division&#247÷division sign
&forall&#8704for all
&part&#8706partial differential
&exist&#8707there exists
&empty&#8709empty set=null set=diameter
&nabla&#8711nabla=backward difference
&isin&#8712element of
&notin&#8713not an element of
&ni&#8715contains as member
&prod&#8719n-art product = product sign
&sum&#8721n-ary summation
&minus&#8722minus sign
&lowast&#8727asterisk operator
&radic&#8730square root=radical sign
&prop&#8733proportional to
&infin&#8734infinity
&ang&#8736angle
&and&#8743logical and
&or&#8744logical or
&cap&#8745intersection
&cup&#8746union
&int&#8747integral
&there4&#8756therefore
&sim&#8764tilde operator
&cong&#8773approximately equal
&asymp&#8776almost equal to = asymptotic to
&ne&#8800not equal to
&equiv&#8801identical to
&le&#8804less than or equal to
&ge&#8805greater than or equal to
&sub&#8834subset
&sup&#8835superset
&nsub&#8836not a subset of
&sube&#8838subset of or equal to
&supe&#8839super set of or equal to
&oplus&#8853circled plus=direct sum
&otimes&#8855circled times=vector product
&perp&#8869up tack=orthogonal to=perpendicular
&sdot&#8901dot operator
&lceil&#8968left ceiling
&rceil&#8969right ceiling
&lfloor&#8970left floor
&rfloor&#8971right floor
&lang&#9001left-pointing angle bracket
&rang&#9002right-pointing angle bracket